Home U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs
Glyph for U+96C5
Source: Noto CJK


U+96C5 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as elegant, graceful, refined. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is .

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+96C5 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type Other Letter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Miyabi (雅) is one of the traditional Japanese aesthetic ideals, though not as prevalent as Iki or Wabi-sabi. In modern Japanese, the word is usually translated as "elegance," "refinement," or "courtliness" and sometimes to a "sweet loved one".

The ideal posed by the word demanded the elimination of anything that was absurd or vulgar and the "polishing of manners, diction, and feelings to eliminate all roughness and crudity so as to achieve the highest grace." It expressed that sensitivity to beauty which was the hallmark of the Heian era. Miyabi is often closely connected to the notion of Mono no aware, a bittersweet awareness of the transience of things, and thus it was thought that things in decline showed a great sense of miyabi. An example of this would be one of a lone cherry tree. The tree would soon lose its flowers and would be stripped of everything that made it beautiful and so it showed not only mono no aware, but also miyabi in the process.

Adherents to the ideals of miyabi strove to rid the world of crude forms or aesthetics and emotions that were common in artworks of the period, such as those contained in the Man'yōshū, the oldest extant collection of Japanese poetry. The Man'yōshū contained poems by people of every walk of life, many of which stood in stark contrast to the sensibilities of miyabi. For example, one poem in the collection likened a woman's hair to snail innards. The ideals of miyabi stood firmly against the use of metaphors such as this. Furthermore, appreciation of miyabi and its ideal was used as a marker of class differences. It was believed that only members of the upper class, the courtiers, could truly appreciate the workings of miyabi.

Miyabi in fact limited how art and poems could be created. Miyabi tried to stay away from the rustic and crude, and in doing so, prevented the traditionally trained courtiers from expressing real feelings in their works. In later years, miyabi and its aesthetic were replaced by ideals inspired by Zen Buddhism, such as Wabi-sabi, Yuugen and Iki.

The characters of the classic eleventh-century Japanese novel "The Tale of Genji" by Lady Murasaki provide examples of miyabi.


System Representation
UTF-8 E9 9B 85
UTF-16 96 C5
UTF-32 00 00 96 C5
URL-Quoted %E9%9B%85
HTML-Escape 雅
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 雅
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) E4 BA
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) B2 ED


Complete Record

Property Value
Age 1.1 (1993)
Unicode 1 Name
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
General Category Other Letter
Script Han
Bidirectional Category Left To Right
Combining Class Not Reordered
Decomposition Type None
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
Case Folding Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
ASCII Hex Digit
Bidi Control
Bidi Mirrored
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
Composition Exclusion
Case Ignorable
Full Composition Exclusion
Changes When Casefolded
Changes When Casemapped
Changes When NFKC Casefolded
Changes When Lowercased
Changes When Titlecased
Changes When Uppercased
Default Ignorable Code Point
East Asian Width Wide
Emoji Modifier Base
Emoji Component
Emoji Modifier
Emoji Presentation
Extended Pictographic
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
Grapheme Cluster Break Any
Grapheme Base
Grapheme Extend
Grapheme Link
Hex Digit
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ID Continue
ID Start
IDS Binary Operator
IDS Trinary Operator and
Indic Mantra Category
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
ISO 10646 Comment
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Join Control
Jamo Short Name
Joining Type Non Joining
Line Break Ideographic
Logical Order Exception
Noncharacter Code Point
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
NFKC Quick Check Yes
NFKD Quick Check Yes
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Other Alphabetic
Other Default Ignorable Code Point
Other Grapheme Extend
Other ID Continue
Other ID Start
Other Lowercase
Other Math
Other Uppercase
Pattern Syntax
Pattern White Space
Prepended Concatenation Mark
Quotation Mark
Regional Indicator
Sentence Break Other Letter
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+96C5 CJK Unified Ideograph-96C5
Script Extension
Soft Dotted
Sentence Terminal
Terminal Punctuation
Unified Ideograph
Vertical Orientation U
Variation Selector
Word Break Other
White Space
XID Continue
XID Start
Expands On NFC
Expands On NFD
Expands On NFKC
Expands On NFKD
Big Five Mapping B6AE
Cangjie Input Code MHOG
kCantonese ngaa5
CCCII Mapping 215F44
kCihaiT 1437.501
CNS 11643-1986 Mapping 1-6273
CNS 11643-1992 Mapping 1-6273
kCowles 2982
kDaeJaweon 1869.020
Unihan Definition elegant, graceful, refined
kEACC 215F44
kFenn 165E
kFennIndex 612.10
kFourCornerCode 7021.4
kFrequency 4
kGB0 4937
kGB1 4937
kGradeLevel 4
kGSR 0037g
kHangul 아:0E
kHanYu 64094.020
kHanyuPinyin 64094.020:yā,yǎ,yá
kHKGlyph 4411
kIRG_GSource G0-5145
kIRG_HSource HB1-B6AE
kIRG_JSource J0-326D
kIRG_KPSource KP0-F7AD
kIRG_KSource K0-643A
kIRG_TSource T1-6273
kIRG_VSource V1-6B43
kIRGDaeJaweon 1869.020
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten 41973
kIRGHanyuDaZidian 64094.020
kIRGKangXi 1365.140
kJapaneseOn GA A
kJis0 1877
kJoyoKanji 2010
kKangXi 1365.140
kKarlgren 208
kKorean A
kKoreanEducationHanja 2007
kKSC0 6826
kMainlandTelegraph 7161
kMatthews 7222
kMeyerWempe 2003
kMorohashi 41973
kNelson 2850
kPhonetic 951
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) C+1389+92.5.8 C+1389+172.8.5 V+13420+92.5.8 V+13420+172.8.5 V+13671+92.4.8 V+13671+172.8.4
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) 172.4
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) 172.4
kSBGY 308.02
Taiwanese Telegraph Code 7161
kTang *ngǎ
kTGH 2013:2600
kTGHZ2013 420.110:yǎ
Stroke Number 12
UnihanCore2020 Set GHJKMPT
Quốc ngữ Pronunciation nhã
Xerox Code 250:114
kXHC1983 1318.020:yā 1320.090:yǎ