U+4EE5 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as by means of; thereby, therefore; consider as; in order to. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is y.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+4EE5 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E4 BB A5
UTF-16 4E E5
UTF-32 00 00 4E E5
URL-Quoted %E4%BB%A5
HTML-Escape 以
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 以
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) EC A4
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) B0 CA
Pīnyīn y
IRG_GSource G0-5254
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-304A
IRG_KSource K0-6C24
IRG_TSource T1-4568
IRG_VSource V2-8A2
BigFive A548
CCCII 213077
CNS1986 1-4568
CNS1992 1-4568
EACC 213077
GB0 5052
GB1 5052
Jis0 1642
KSC0 7604
MainlandTelegraph 0110
TaiwanTelegraph 0110
Xerox 241:073


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 以
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 以
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 以
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 以
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 以
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 以
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 以
Case Folding (cf) 以
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 以
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 以
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-5254
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-304A
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-FCA
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-6C24
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-4568
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V2-8A2
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0199.010
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 00388
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 10105.070
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0094.010
kBigFive (kBigFive) A548
kCangjie (kCangjie) VIO
kCantonese (kCantonese) ji5 jyu5
kCCCII (kCCCII) 213077
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 87.601
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-4568
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-4568
kCowles (kCowles) 1278
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0199.010
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) by means of; thereby, therefore; consider as; in order to
kEACC (kEACC) 213077
kFenn (kFenn) 431A
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 219.07
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 2810.0
kFrequency (kFrequency) 1
kGB0 (kGB0) 5052
kGB1 (kGB1) 5052
kGradeLevel (kGradeLevel) 1
kGSR (kGSR) 0976b
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 10105.070
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) yǐ(6111)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 10105.070:yǐ,sì
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 0085
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) OMOU YUENI MOTTE
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) I
kJis0 (kJis0) 1642
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0094.010
kKarlgren (kKarlgren) 181
kKorean (kKorean) I
kKPS0 (kKPS0) FCA8
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 7604
kLau (kLau) 3424
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 0110
kMandarin (kMandarin)
kMatthews (kMatthews) 2932
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 855
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 00388
kNelson (kNelson) 0348
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 1549 1551
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+1166+9.2.3
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 9.3
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 9.3
kSBGY (kSBGY) 251.19
Semantic Variant (kSemanticVariant) 㠯
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 0110
kTang (kTang) *iə̌ iə̌
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 4
kXerox (kXerox) 241:073
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 1365.020:yǐ
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 以
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 以
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)