U+78E7 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as sand and gravel; rocks exposed at low tide; to crush. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is .

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+78E7 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E7 A3 A7
UTF-16 78 E7
UTF-32 00 00 78 E7
URL-Quoted %E7%A3%A7
HTML-Escape 磧
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 磧
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) E3 A1
IRG_GSource G1-6D53
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-6321
IRG_KPSource KP0-E7C
IRG_KSource K1-6B6E
IRG_TSource T1-7156
BigFive BF6C
CCCII 22656A
CNS1986 1-7156
CNS1992 1-7156
EACC 22656A
GB1 7751
Jis0 6701
KSC1 7578
TaiwanTelegraph 4332
Xerox 300:136


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-78E7
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 磧
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 磧
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 磧
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 磧
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 磧
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 磧
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 磧
Case Folding (cf) 磧
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 磧
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 磧
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) ATJ
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G1-6D53
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-6321
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-E7C
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K1-6B6E
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-7156
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 1253.060
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 24448
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 42450.100
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0835.380
kBigFive (kBigFive) BF6C
kCangjie (kCangjie) MRQMC
kCantonese (kCantonese) zaak3 zik1
kCCCII (kCCCII) 22656A
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 973.308
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-7156
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-7156
kCowles (kCowles) 77
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 1253.060
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) sand and gravel; rocks exposed at low tide; to crush
kEACC (kEACC) 22656A
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 1568.6
kGB1 (kGB1) 7751
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 42450.100
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 42450.100:qì
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) KAWARA
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) SEKI
kJis0 (kJis0) 6701
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0835.380
kKorean (kKorean) CEK
kKPS0 (kKPS0) E7C8
kKSC1 (kKSC1) 7578
kLau (kLau) 1281
kMandarin (kMandarin)
kMatthews (kMatthews) 573
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 73 3342
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 24448
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 16
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+5876+112.5.11
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 112.11
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 112.11
kSBGY (kSBGY) 518.41
Simplified Variant (kSimplifiedVariant) 碛
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 4332
kTang (kTang) tsiɛk
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 16
kXerox (kXerox) 300:136
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 磧
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 磧
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)